Heavy episodic drinking among Kenyan female sex workers is associated with unsafe sex, sexual violence and sexually transmitted infections

M F Chersich 1, S M F Luchters, I M Malonza, P Mwarogo, N King’ola, M Temmerman Affiliation 1International Centre for Reproductive Health (ICRH), Mombasa, Kenya. matthewf.chersich@icrh.org PMID: 18005511 DOI: 10.1258/095646207782212342 Abstract This study examined patterns of alcohol use and its association with unsafe sex and related sequelae among female sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted using snowball […]

Use of self home-made diaphragm for protection against pregnancy and sexually-transmitted infections: case report

A Schroth 1, S Luchters, M F Chersich, I Jao, M Temmerman Affiliation 1International Centre for Reproductive Health Kenya, P.O. Box 91109, Mombasa, Kenya. PMID: 17633583 DOI: 10.4314/eamj.v84i1.9489 Abstract This is a case report of a 44-year-old woman who used a home-made diaphragm for 16 years to protect herself from pregnancy and sexually-transmitted infections. The woman stitched a piece of cloth with […]

Evaluation of two commercially available alternatives for HIV-1 viral load testing in resource-limited settings

Kim Steegen 1, Stanley Luchters, Nancy De Cabooter, Jacqueline Reynaerts, Kishor Mandaliya, Jean Plum, Walter Jaoko, Chris Verhofstede, Marleen Temmerman Affiliation 1International Centre for Reproductive Health, University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium. kim.steegen@UGent.be PMID: 17686534 DOI: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2007.06.019 Abstract There is an urgent need for low-cost assays for HIV-1 quantitation to ensure adequate follow-up of HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in resource-limited countries. Two low-cost viral load assays […]

Infection with Trichomonas vaginalis increases the risk of HIV-1 acquisition

R Scott McClelland 1, Laura Sangare, Wisal M Hassan, Ludo Lavreys, Kishorchandra Mandaliya, James Kiarie, Jeckoniah Ndinya-Achola, Walter Jaoko, Jared M Baeten Affiliation 1Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA. mcclell@u.washington.edu PMID: 17262712 DOI: 10.1086/511278 Abstract We conducted a prospective study among women in Mombasa, Kenya, to determine whether Trichomonas vaginalis infection was associated with an increased risk of human immunodeficiency virus type […]

The Pap smear for detection of bacterial vaginosis

A Karani 1, H De Vuyst, S Luchters, J Othigo, K Mandaliya, M F Chersich, M Temmerman Affiliation 1International Centre for Reproductive Health, Mombasa, Kenya. PMID: 17466304 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2007.03.010 Abstract Objective: To assess validity of Pap smears in diagnosing bacterial vaginosis. Method: A prospective diagnostic accuracy study with 533 women in Mombasa, Kenya. Diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis using clinical observations scored with simplified Amsel’s criteria and […]

Validity of self-reported ‘safe sex’ among female sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya–PSA analysis

M F Gallo 1, F M Behets, M J Steiner, S C Thomsen, W Ombidi, S Luchters, C Toroitich-Ruto, M M Hobbs Affiliation 1Family Health International Research Triangle Park, NC, USA. mgallo@cdc.gov PMID: 17326860 DOI: 10.1258/095646207779949899 Abstract We assessed the validity of self-reported sex and condom use by comparing self-reports with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) detection in a prospective study of 210 female sex workers in […]

‘Are you on the market?’: a capture-recapture enumeration of men who sell sex to men in and around Mombasa, Kenya

Scott Geibel 1, Elisabeth M van der Elst, Nzioki King’ola, Stanley Luchters, Alun Davies, Esther M Getambu, Norbert Peshu, Susan M Graham, R Scott McClelland, Eduard J Sanders Affiliation 1Population Council, Nairobi, Kenya. PMID: 17545712 DOI: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e328017f843 Abstract Background: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are highly vulnerable to HIV infection, but this population can be particularly difficult to reach in sub-Saharan Africa. We aimed to estimate […]

Acceptability of the diaphragm in Mombasa Kenya: a 6-month prospective study

Stanley Luchters 1, Matthew F Chersich, Irene Jao, Anouk Schroth, Swaleh Chidagaya, Kishor Mandaliya, Marleen Temmerman Affiliation 1International Centre for Reproductive Health (ICRH), Tudor Four Estate, Tom Mboya Avenue, PO Box 91109, Mombasa, Kenya. stanley.luchters@icrhk.org PMID: 17853168 DOI: 10.1080/13625180701516989 Abstract Objectives: If proven acceptable, safe and effective, the diaphragm could be used as a female-controlled method of preventing both sexually-transmitted infections (STIs) and pregnancy. This […]